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The Iona Community
The Island of Iona is the setting for a long tradition of Christian worship and activity, beginning with the voyage of Columba from Ireland to Iona in the year AD 563. The present form of the Community, however, owes its origin to George MacLeod, who in 1935 proposed the establishment of `a brotherhood within the Church of Scotland'. Its object was to enable ministers in their first 2 or 3 years of service to combine a (part-time) community life with active ministry in deprived areas of urban Scotland; the community base would be the ruined Abbey on Iona, and part of its life in community would include - with the help of skilled craftsmen - the restoration of the Abbey itself.
Both the Community and its original concept have grown steadily during the subsequent 60 years; it includes women and men, lay and ordained, working in widely separated parts of the world, many of them as members of churches other than the Church of Scotland. Its primary objectives, however, remain - the nurturing of a community whose mission is to serve the deprived and the oppressed, and whose physical home is a thriving, outgoing centre of worship at Iona; and the outreach of that mission in places such as the area of Glasgow in which its administrative offices are based.
A narrative history of Iona has been written by the present (1981- ) leader of the Community, Ron Ferguson, entitled Chasing the Wild Goose (Fount, 1988); this includes a further bibliography of material relevant to the story of the Community.
See also a further note on the series of Wild Goose Songs, published by the Iona Community, in which the above-mentioned responses appear.
See also the RS Companion notes on RS-194 Christ, Master Carpenter (`Behold, a little child': additional verse, based on a prayer used at Iona).
Wild Goose Songs
The wild goose is a Celtic symbol of the Holy Spirit; and it has been adopted as the logo of publications by the Iona Community, whose Publishing Division has taken the name `Wild Goose Publications'.
Three volumes (up to 1989) of songs and other worship material for use by the Community have been published under the general title of Wild Goose Songs. Most of the songs are headed with a short descriptive title or motto; and in some editions the title of one of the songs in the volume replaces the general title (and Volume number) on the front cover. These titles are given in square brackets below.
All the songs are attributed to `John Bell & Graham Maule with the Wild Goose Worship Group'.
(a) Wild Goose Songs, Vol.1, 1987 `Songs of Creation, the Incarnation, and the life of Jesus' [ Heaven shall not wait ]
Includes (by John Bell) `Ten Golden Rules for enabling the least confident of people to teach new songs to the most cynical of congregations'
- RS-180 Before the world began / <Incarnation>
- RS-671 How long, O Lord, will you quite forget me / <New Thirteenth>
- RS-393 Kindle a flame to lighten the dark
- RS-394 Lord, to whom shall we go
- RS-637 The Day of the Lord shall come
- RS-401 Through our lives and by our prayers
- RS-178 Who would think that what was needed
- RS-558 Will you come and follow me
(b) Wild Goose Songs, Vol.2, 1988 `Songs of the Passion and Resurrection of Jesus, and the Coming of the Holy Spirit' [ Enemy of apathy (title of song beginning `She sits like a bird') ]
- RS-347 Be still and know that I am God
- RS-107 The love of God comes close
(c) Wild Goose Songs, Vol.3, 1989 `The Seasons of Life, the Call to Care, and the Celebrating Community' [ Love from Below (title of song beginning `A little child in a bed of night') ]
- RS-653 We cannot measure how you heal
Irish Metrical Psalter, 1880
The Psalter: A Revised Edition of the Scottish Metrical Version of the Psalms, with Additional Psalm-Versions. Prepared and published by authority of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland. Blackie & Son, Dublin & Belfast 1880
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J.C.Jacobi: Psalmodia Germanica
John Christian Jacobi (1670-1750)
(a) A Collection of Divine Hymns, Translated from the High Dutch. Together with their Proper Tunes and Thorough Bass. London, 1720
This contained 15 hymns.
(b) Psalmodia Germanica; or a Specimen of Divine Hymns. Translated from the High Dutch. Together with their Proper Tunes and Thorough Bass. London, 1722
An altered and enlarged edition of (a), containing 62 hymns (including three from Isaac Watts). A second part was added in 1725; The book was republished in 1765 by John Haberkorn, with a Supplement of 32 pieces.
James, St; Liturgy of
The Liturgy of St James
This was the normal liturgy of the Mass in the Greek-speaking Eastern churches centred on Antioch, Jerusalem and Cyprus in the first millenium A.D. It was also preserved in Syriac liturgies for many centuries. Although there is no doubt of its antiquity, (traditionally, it was believed to be the work of James the brother of Jesus - cf. Acts 15:13 &c.), the earliest literary evidence for it dates from the 7th century A.D.; the rite itself may not be earlier than the 4th or 5th century, though much of it is derived from earlier practices. During the schisms and realignments that followed the Council of Chalcedon (451 A.D.), the Liturgy of James gradually gave way to forms based on those of the church of Constantinople; and it has virtually disappeared from present-day Orthodox liturgy.
See also J.M.Neale & R.F.Littledale: Liturgy of . . . S.James &c., 1859-
Johnson, J.W.: Negro Spirituals
James Weldon Johnson: The Second Book of Negro Spirituals, London 1926
Joint Liturgical Group
Joint Liturgical Group: The Daily Office, 1978
In 1963 a group was formed to consider various aspects of Christian public worship. It published a statement on 11th October 1963, as follows:
"Informal discussions on liturgical matters between interested people from various Churches in Great Britain have indicated that the time is now ripe for the creation of a Joint Liturgical Group which can develop given projects and questions of public worship. The Archbishop of Canterbury was asked to help bring such a Group into being by issuing invitations to the Churches concerned to appoint members. His Grace kindly agreed to do so and himself appointed the representatives of the Church of England, while those of other Churches have been appointed by their respective bodies.
"At its first meeting on 10-11th October 1963 the Group elected the Dean of Bristol [ D.E.W.Harrison ] as its Chairman and Dr Jasper as its Secretary. ... "
The initial Group thus formed consisted of representatives (ordained ministers in every case) of the following Churches:
The initial projects were:
1. The planning of a Calendar, Forms of Daily Service, and a Lectionary which the Churches might be glad to have in common.
2. The planning of joint forms of service which might be used with the approval of the several Churches on occasions for united worship, such as the Week of Prayer for Unity and Holy Week.
3. The consideration of the structure of the service of Holy Communion.
The Daily Office, edited by Ronald Jasper on behalf of the Joint Liturgical Group, was published jointly by S.P.C.K. and the Epworth Press in 1968. It included an introductory essay on contemporary usage of the Daily Office, written by Stephen Winward. A revised edition was published in 1978, with a somewhat shorter introductory essay, this time on prayer generally, written by Gordon Wakefield.
Several other volumes, including a Lectionary and material for the Eucharist and other services, were published by the group between 1965 and 1978.
Jones, Edward: Welsh Bards
Edward Jones: Musical and Poetical Relicks of the Welsh Bards, 1794 [ or possibly 1784 ]
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Jowett, Joseph: Church Music
His publications included
(a) Musae Solitariae, Vol.1, 1823
- RS-57 Thanet
- do - Vol.2, 1827
(b) Lyra Sacra; Select Extracts from the Cathedral Music of the Church of England, for 1, 2, 3, and 4 voices, London 182
(c) A Manual of Parochial Psalmody, containing 142 Psalm and Hymn Tunes, by various authors, London 1832
- RS-57 Thanet
Julian, J.: Dictionary of Hymnology
(a) John Julian: Dictionary of Hymnology, John Murray, 1892
(b) - do - 2nd edition, revised, 1907
(c) - do - (3rd impression, with New Supplement), 1908
This was reprinted in 1915 and 1925. A photographed reprint in two volumes was published by Dover (USA) in 1957.
The articles are arranged alphabetically, with names of Authors or Translators, topic headings, and first lines of hymns (generally under the original language rather than an English version, in the case of translated hymns) all falling within a single alphabetic sequence. Separate Indexes of First Lines (multi-lingual) and Authors, however, give page references to individual hymns and versions and to biographical notes. It is not always intuitively obvious whether a particular hymn should be sought under its first line or under the name of its author or translator, and the Indexes are frequently necessary as a first resort.
[ One consequence of this is that notes on the hymns of prolific authors such as Charles Wesley may be scattered throughout the Dictionary. This Enchiridion will incorporate a special Index (not yet complete) to all the Charles Wesley hymns referred to in Julian, to assist in locating these.]
The 1907 Second Edition contained a two-part Appendix, the first part consisting of about twenty additional articles omitted from the first edition, and the second with a large number of short notes on particular hymns or individual writers. In some cases these include corrections of mis-statements or omissions in the first edition.
The 1908 Third Impression included New Supplement containing a substantial number of additional articles. Many of these supplemented those in the first edition, either with fresh information or corrections to earlier entries, or with details from works published during the intervening ten years. The New Supplement has its own Indexes of First Lines and Authors; unfortunately these were not merged with the original Indexes, so that reference to both parts is frequently necessary.
Julian and The Hymn Society.
When the Hymn Society of Gt Britain & Ireland was formed in 1937 one of its first aims was to prepare an up-to-date Supplement to Julian's Dictionary. In spite of an immense amount of work on revision, notably by the late Leslie H.Bunn over a period of 22 years from 1959 until his death, the publication of a Supplement has proved to be unattainable; indeed, the changes and developments in hymnody over the last half of the 20th century have been such that no Supplement could fail to be out of date before it could be published. There is, therefore, no ongoing project for the completion of such a task. However, the work done by Leslie Bunn, subsequently collected and edited by A.S.Holbrook, is available in typescript in The Hymn Society Collection at the Royal College of Music, London, and in the Pratt Green Collection at the University of Durham.
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.END of Source Books IJ
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(The Rejoice & Sing Enchiridion:edited by David Goodall; last amended 3/8/02)