The Enchiridion

Notes on Source Books ( Sharp - Spit )

( First time readers: please read the introductory notes on a separate page)

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Sharp, Cecil: Folk Songs

Cecil Sharp: Folk Songs from Somerset, Series III, 1906

Xref:
RS-438 Folksong
 

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Sheffield Sunday School Union

The activities of the Sheffield S.S.U., particularly its Whitsuntide Festivals and Processions which continued throughout the 19th and for much of the 20th century, have been the occasion for a number of specially-written hymns. 

Xrefs:
RS-385 Command thy blessing from above
RS-62 God, who made the earth
RS-666 Sing we the song of those who stand
RS-391 Stand up and bless the Lord

  

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Shipley, O.: Lyra Eucharistica

(a) Orby Shipley (ed.): Lyra Eucharistica: Hymns and Verses on the Holy Communion Ancient and Modern, with other Poems, 1863 

(b) - do - 2nd edition, 1864

Xref:
RS-41 For the beauty of the earth
RS-454 Let all mortal flesh keep silence

For Orby Shipley's Preface to the 2nd edition (including what appears to be a reprint of the Preface to the 1st edition), click here . . .

 

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Sing a New Song to the Lord
Sing a New Song to the Lord, Mayhew McCrimmon Ltd, 1970

The `literary editor' was Luke Connaughton, who included a number of his own hymns over various pseudonyms - `Peter Icarus' and `J.Smith'.

Xref:
RS-437 Reap me the earth as a harvest to God
RS-131 The voice of God goes out to all the world

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Smart, Christopher: Poems &c.

(Julian pp.921a, 925b, 929b)

((Karina Williamson: C.Smart's Works, collected edn))

(a) Poems on Several Occasions: John Newbery, 1752

(b) The Hilliad: 1753

(c) A Song to David: 1763

(d1) A Translation of the Psalms of David, Attempted in the Spirit of Christianity, and Adapted to the Divine Service. By Christopher Smart. A.M., Sometime Fellow of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, and Scholar of the University. London. Printed by Dryden Leach for the author. 1765

(d2) A Collection of Melodies to the Psalms, c.1765

A companion volume to (d1); see notes on RS-179 Sharon

(e) Hymns and Spiritual Songs for the Fasts and Festivals of the Church of England, 1765

Xref:
RS-174 Where is this stupendous stranger

(d) and (e) appeared in the same volume in 1765, but (according to a Collected Edition of Christopher Smart's works - ed. Karina Williamson, date not ascertained) these were separate works. 

(f) Two volumes of Poems, 1771 (? posthumous)

 

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Smart, G.T.: Church Music

George Thomas Smart: Divine Amusement: being a Selection of the most admired Psalms, Hymns and Anthems used in St James's Chapel, 1795

- do - A Collection of Sacred Music, 1863

On both of the above collections, see notes on Wiltshire (RS-685)

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Smart, Henry: Divine Worship
Psalms & Hymns for Divine Worship, 1866/7

Edited by James Hamilton and others; music editors: E.F.Rimbault and Henry Smart.

See notes under Presbyterian Church of England .

 

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Smith, H.A.: Praise and Service
H.A.Smith: Praise and Service, New York 1932
 
Xref:
RS-344 God of grace and God of glory 

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Smith, Isaac: Psalm Tunes

Isaac Smith: A Collection of Psalm Tunes in Three Parts, c.1770 (or 1780)

There appear to have been several editions; the Companion to the Hymnal 1940 mentions a 5th edition 1788, from which the following comment is quoted:

"It is much to be wished that every congregation would appoint an hour or two some evening every week to practise such tunes as may be thought proper. By that means the mistakes of those who sing out of tune or out of time will easily be corrected."
Xref:
RS-61 (387) Abridge
RS-631 Hampton
RS-458 St Thomas

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Smith, Samuel: Psalm & Hymn Tunes
Samuel Smith: A Selection of Psalm and Hymn Tunes, 1865
 
Xref:
RS-120 Ruth
 

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Smith, W.C.: Hymns of Christ

Walter Chalmers Smith: Hymns of Christ and the Christian Life, 1867

(Julian, p.1064b, followed by Frost, A&M Historical Companion, gives the date as 1876; most others have 1867)

Xref:

RS-67 Immortal, invisible, God only wise

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Songs for a Gospel People
Songs for a Gospel People, 1987, Winfield, B.C.; Wood Lake Books Inc.

(A Supplement to The Hymn Book of the United Church of Canada, 1971)

Originally published as a joint project of the Hymn Book Supplement Committee of the British Columbia Conference and the Alberta and Northwest Conference (of the United Church of Canada) and Wood Lake Books Inc.

The project began as a western Canadian supplement to The Hymn Book 1971. Demand for the book among United Church congregations grew such that use of the book spread (`almost like wildfire', according to one observer) among congregations across the country. It was reprinted with corrections in January 1988, and reached its 8th printing in February 1993.

Xrefs:
520 For ourselves no longer living
475 God, you meet us in our weakness
553 To Abraham and Sarah

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Songs of Praise
Songs of Praise, 1925 - 1931. Edited by Percy Dearmer, R.Vaughan Williams and Martin Shaw.

The chief inspiration for the production of Songs of Praise came from two people who had played a major part in the editing of The English Hymnal in 1906 - Percy Dearmer and Vaughan Williams. Their aim, set out in the opening words of the Preface to the first edition, was "to make a national collection of hymns for use in public worship, and also of such `spiritual songs' as are akin to hymns and suitable for certain kinds of services in church, as well as for schools, lecture meetings, and other public gatherings."

There were several editions, of which the best-known was the Enlarged Edition of 1931. See further notes -

Songs of Praise (1st edn), O.U.P. 1925
Songs of Praise for Boys and Girls, O.U.P. 1929
Songs of Praise (Enlarged edn), O.U.P. 1931

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Songs of Praise (1st edn) 1925

The original edition of Songs of Praise, which was subsequently replaced by the greatly altered and enlarged edition of 1931,contained 470 items, including a few single-verse hymns or doxologies.

To view (part of) the Preface, click here . . . [ not yet included - awaiting copyright permission ]

Xrefs: hymns or tunes (in RS) which were written for, or first published in, Songs of Praise 1925:

RS-624 Father Eternal, Ruler of creation
RS-270 Lord Christ, when first you came to earth
 
RS-470 Cambridge (66 65 65)
RS-185 Glenfinlas
RS-614 Hermitage
RS-240 King's Weston
RS-624 Langham
 
Other Xrefs:
RS-255 To God with heart and cheerful voice
 
RS-505 Llanllyfni
RS-207 Love unknown

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Songs of Praise for Boys & Girls
Songs of Praise for Boys and Girls, O.U.P. 1929 
 
Xrefs:
RS-350 God my Father, loving me
RS-52 To God who makes all lovely things / Daniel
RS-447 St Botolph

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Songs of Praise (Enlarged)
Songs of Praise (Enlarged), O.U.P. 1931

Produced by the Compilers of the original Songs of Praise (1925), in response to the widespread interest in that book taken by churches, schools and Education authorities and the desires expressed for an enlarged edition.

The resulting book contained 703 items, including 20 single-verse prayers and doxologies (with music) and 36 prose canticles (all but three without music; one of the three is Vaughan Williams' unison setting of "Let us now praise famous men" (Eccl'us 44) ).

In addition to the large number of compositions or arrangements attributed by name to one or other of the Compilers, many items were identified only by initials, of which a remarkable variety was used; a number of these concealed, some more effectively than others, the authorship of the editors themselves. Since Percy Dearmer's death, in particular, most of the hymns written by him under code initials have been identified as his by other hymn-book editors.

To view (part of) the Preface to the Enlarged Edition, click here . . . [ not yet included - awaiting copyright permission ]

Xrefs: (words)

RS-571 Christ is the King! O friends rejoice
RS-601 Christ is the world's true light
RS-445 Come, risen Lord, and deign to be our guest
RS-238 Good christians {all}, rejoice and sing
RS-647 In Christ there is no east or west
RS-270 Lord Christ, when first you came to {earth}
RS-531 Lord of all hopefulness, Lord of all joy
RS-45 Morning has broken
RS-409 O God, in whom we live and move
RS-245 Round the earth a message runs
RS-24 Through north and south and east and west
RS-556 When a knight won his spurs, in the stories of old
 
RS-544 Alberta
RS-630 Farmborough
RS-39 (also 24 & 723) Lasst uns erfreuen
RS-601 Rinkart
RS-330 Wicklow 

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Dearmer & Jacob: SP Discussed
Percy Dearmer & Archibald Jacob: Songs of Praise Discussed, O.U.P. 1933

A Companion to the 1931 Enlarged Edition of Songs of Praise. In addition to notes on the hymn texts and tunes, and biographical and historical notes on authors, composers and sources, it includes a number of "detached notes" on various subjects. These are scattered throughout the book, and are not separately indexed, so that their discovery by the reader is a matter of serendipity. Many of them are highly entertaining, though their individual character and viewpoint may offend some readers. They appear to have been prompted randomly by the article which precedes them; for example, a note on a hymn by James Edmeston which refers to his output of over 2000 hymns is followed by a section headed "Prolific Hymnists", beginning

 "Many poets have written too much, and, like Coleridge, have seemed incapable of self-criticism; but the swollen output of some hymnists suggests a lack of reverence for the art of divine singing ... "

Their value as sources of hard facts is variable; but they are well worth reading for their entertainment value.

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Songs of Syon

(Julian, p.1633a)

(a) G.R.Woodward: Songs of Syon. A Collection of Hymns and Sacred Poems mostly Translated from Ancient Greek, Latin, and German Sources, 1904

Xref:
RS-171 (and 172) This endris nyght

(b) - do - 2nd edition, 1905 

(c) Songs of Syon: A Collection of Psalms, Hymns and Spiritual Songs set, for the most part, to their Ancient Proper Tunes, edited by the Rev.G.R.Woodward, M.A. Author of The Cowley Carol-Book. Third Edition, revised and enlarged. London Schott & Co.157 Regent St. MDCCCCX. (1910)

Contained 431 hymns and carols; and a Supplement of 31 items, mainly alternative tunes or arrangements of tunes for hymns in the main part of the book. However, many of the 431 items were in two parts; sometimes these consisted of alternative tunes or arrangements, but sometimes of alternative words to the same tune or a version of it; so that the true figure is well over the 431.

The collection is strongly representative of Latin, German and French hymns of the mediaeval and early Reformation periods; translations by J.M.Neale, Robert Bridges and G.R.Woodward himself form a substantial part of the book.

The Editor's Preface ends with a paragraph of a kind not commonly found in present-day hymn-books, which are generally more concerned for the spiritual health of their readers:

" ... Lastly, the Editor asks the singers and readers of his Songs of Syon, of their charity, to remember him sometimes in their prayers during his life-time, and to bid for the repose of his soul after death.

"Aug. 4,1910. Feast of the vii Sleepers of Ephesus."

 

The book ends, following the last hymn, with a complementary prayer:

Memento mei, Deus meus, pro hoc; et parce
mihi secundum multitudinem
miserationum
tuarum.

[ Click here . . .   to view (part of) the Preface ] [ not yet transcribed ]

(d) - do - nth edition, ? 1923

 

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Sound of Living Waters

(a) Sound of Living Waters, ed. Betty Pulkingham and Jeanne Harper; Hodder & Stoughton, 1974

(from the Preface - )

"Sound of Living Waters is a book with many fresh sounds reflecting the cascade of joyous praise ... which accompany the Holy Spirit's renewal in the Church today. . . . `The voice of God', said the prophet Ezekiel, `is as the sound of many waters'. One sound, many waters."
Xrefs:
RS-745 A new commandment I give unto you
RS-234 Alleluia, alleluia, give thanks to the risen Lord
RS-491 Day by day
RS-367 I want to walk with Jesus Christ
RS-279 I will sing . . . a song unto the Lord
RS-268 Jesus is Lord: Creation's voice proclaims it
RS-512 Seek ye first the kingdom of God

(b) Fresh Sounds, 1976

Xref:
RS-629 Channel of Peace

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South African traditional

Xref:
RS-555 Siyahamba / We are marching in the light of God (words and melody)

See also the notes on Freedom is Coming .

 

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Southern Harmony
Southern Harmony, New Haven 1835
 
Xref:
RS-92 Amazing Grace 

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S.P.C.K. Hymn-books
(Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge)

(Julian, p.337b - 340a)

(a) Hymns for Public Worship, S.P.C.K. 1852

Xref:
RS-355 Jesus calls us! O'er the tumult

enlarged as

(b) Psalms and Hymns, 1855

(c) - do - 1st Appendix, 1863

(d) - do - 2nd Appendix, 1869

Xrefs:
RS-262 Crown him with many crowns
RS-658 For all the saints, who from their labours rest
RS-509 O Jesus, I have promised

Superseded by Church Hymns, 1871

(e) Children's Hymns, 1872

 

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The Spectator, 1712

The Spectator 

The name has been taken by a number of periodicals during the last three centuries. In the context of hymnody, it generally refers to the series conducted between March 1711 and December 1712, and again in 1714, by Richard Steele and Joseph Addison. It appeared daily during those periods, and purported to be the journal of a small club of (fictitious) characters, representing the country gentry, commerce, the army, and the town. Mr Spectator, who writes the papers, is a man of travel and learning, who frequents London as an observer, but keeps clear of political strife. The papers are mainly concerned with manners, morals and literature; their object was `to enliven morality with wit, and to temper wit with morality'. 

Addison and Steele were the main contributors, with a number of others including Alexander Pope. The occasional poems or hymns which appeared from time to time were generally unsigned or signed with initial only. Internal evidence from other essays in the journal makes it almost certain that those signed `C' or `O' were in fact by Addison himself.

(Information from OCEL pp.925-6 and Julian pp.16-17)

Xref:
RS-109 When all thy mercies, O my God

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The Spiritual Man's Companion

(a) Israel Holdroyd: The Spiritual Man's Companion, or, The Pious Christian's Recreation, 1724 

(b) - do - Fifth edition, 1753

Xref:
RS-88 St Nicholas

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Spirituals

The name "Spirituals" is given, in this Enchiridion and, generally, in Rejoice and Sing, to a number of traditional religious songs, mainly of American origin, whose authorship may be ascribed to communities rather than to individuals. The term includes, in theory, songs from both white and afro-american sources, though none of the former is actually represented in R.& S.; and it usually refers to words and music together.

Xrefs:
RS-164 Go, tell it on the mountain
RS-452 Let us break bread together in the Lord
RS-555 Siyahamba / We are marching in the light of God
RS-227 Were you there when they crucified my Lord
RS-643 When Israel was in Egypt's land
 

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Spitta, K.J.P.: Psalter und Harfe

(Julian, p.1076)

(a) Spitta, Karl & Peters, Adolf: Psalter und Harfe. Eine Sammlung christlicher Lieder zur häuslichen Erbauung; Pirna, 1833

Contained 61 hymns (? by Spitta; -? Adolf Peters's role being that of co-editor? ).

(b) - do - 2nd edn, Leipzig, 1834

Contained the 61 hymns in the 1st edn, together with with five more. Many reprints followed, with a 55th edition published at Bremen in 1889.

(c) Second series: Psalter und Harfe. Zweite Sammlung christlicher Lieder zur häuslichen Erbauung; Leipzig, 1843

Contained 40 hymns, with a 2nd edn the same year, and a 42nd edition at Bremen in 1887.

Xref:
RS-515 We praise and bless thee, gracious Lord 

Both the first and the second series were translated by Richard Massie and published as Lyra Domestica, 1st series 1860, 2nd series 1864.

 

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(The Rejoice & Sing Enchiridion:edited by David Goodall; last amended 315/12/03)